Franklin's Thirteen Virtues, by Benjamin Franklin (1726)
Written and followed by twenty-year-old Franklin in an attempt to "live without commuting any fault at any time." He kept a book filled with charts to track his progress.
- 1.Temperance:Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.
- 2.Silence:Speak not but what may benefit other or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.
- 3.Order:Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.
- 4.Resolution:Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.
- 5.Frugality:Make no expense but to do good to other or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.
- 6.Industry:Lose no time; be always employ'd in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.
- 7.Sincerity:Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly.
- 8.Justice:Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.
- 9.Moderation:Avoid extreams; forebear restraining injuries so much as you think they deserve.
- 10.Cleanliness:Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, cloaths, or habitation.
- 11.Tranquility:Be not disturbed at trifles; or at accidents common or unavoidable.
- 12.Chastity:Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dulness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another's peace or reputation.
- 13.Humility:Imitate Jesus and Socrates.