Thank you for the request, @ltoiaivao! This is a list of traditional Dutch treats and dishes that you might/should want to try if you are ever visiting the Netherlands.
  1. Stroopwafels
    Absolutely delicious. They consist of two thin waffles held together by a sweet syrup. If you are ever in the Netherlands, make sure you try one, especially freshly baked one. They're the best.
  2. Drop (liquorice)
    One of the Dutch people's favorite kinds of candy. We consume quite a lot of it. Apparently, as a nation, we consume about 32 million kg (about 70.5 lbs) every year. I've noticed that it is not the most beloved kind of candy around the world, but we're okay with that. More for us. Dutch liquorice does taste different than American liquorice, for instance, so do try it when you're here.
  3. Boerenkool (kale)
    Not to sound too hipster, but the Dutch have been eating kale since way before it was cool. It's regarded as one of our most traditional dishes. Usually served as a mash with potatoes (and gravy, if you like), and a 'rookworst' (smoked sausage). It's really good. Some people also add bacon bits to the mash.
  4. Poffertjes
    Delicious mini pancakes. Eating some fresh poffertjes are an absolute must when visiting the Netherlands.
  5. Kroket (croquette)
    Basically a breaded, deep-fried meat stick. The inside is usually a hodgepodge or ragout of meat. This is a very popular snack, often enjoyed on a bread bun, or with fries. Most people also prefer eating it with mustard. The ones made by the Van Dobben company are regarded as the best kind.
  6. Snert/erwtensoep
    A thick split pea soup, that is traditionally eaten during the winter. It's usually at its best when it's made in a large quantity and when it has been resting in the pan for about a day, and then heated up again. Slices of rookworst are usually added before serving.
  7. Pepernoten/kruidnoten
    These are little nuggets that are fairly similar to gingerbread, but better. Traditionally eaten before and during the Sinterklaas festivities.
  8. Broodje kaas (cheese sandwich)
    Fairly simple. It's just a cheese sandwich. Usually made with Dutch cheese, of course, like Gouda, Edammer, or Old Amsterdam (which are treats of their own as well).
  9. Patatje oorlog
    Literally translated 'frie war.' It is called this because of the sloppily added ingredients, as you see in the picture. There are two basic varieties of this: 1. fries, mayonaise, peanut sauce, onion scraps. 2. Fries, mayonaise, curry gewurz sauce, onion scraps. Fortunately it's not always served as inconveniently as it is in the picture.
  10. Jenever
    I could have also picked Heineken, Amstel, or Grolsch beer, but I decided to go with something even more traditional: Dutch gin (also spelled as jenever or genever). The 440-years old Bols distillery is based in Amsterdam and well worth a visit.
  11. Hollandse nieuwe haring
    Fresh Dutch herring that is usually marinated and then and eaten raw, in the way that is depicted in the image above, often with some added onion snips. It is a tradition that goes back hundreds of years and is usually enjoyed during the summer for a limited amount of time.
  12. Gevulde koek
    A popular Dutch cookie (which are typically somewhere between cake and cookies texture-wise) made of buttery dough with an almond spice/paste filling. These are absolutely delicious.
  13. Appelflap
    Quite similar to a German or Austrian strüdel. It is a puff pastry filled with a mixture of apple and cinnamon. Especially good when freshly baked and still a bit warm.
  14. Boterkoek
    Basically a type of Dutch cookie that is completely made of butter dough. It's very good.
  15. Limburgse vlaai
    These are pies made in our most southern province, Limburg. Though they are usually made there, they're available throughout the country in an enormous amount of delicious varieties, often filled with fruit.
  16. Bitterballen
    Basically a tiny, round version of the kroket. Usually enjoyed with a little mustard as a side dish/snack with a beer.
  17. Roze koek
    Another type of Dutch cookie. It is named after the pink (roze) fondant icing on the top. Highly recommended.
  18. Hutspot
    A mash of potatoes, carrots and onions. Often eaten with either a meatball or rookworst. Traditionally eaten during the winter.
  19. Speculaas
    A traditional spiced shortbread cookie/biscuit that is usually baked and eaten surrounding the Sinterklaas festivities, but aren't restricted to that period. They're quite good and often have stereotypically Dutch images on them, like windmills and tulips.
  20. Tompoes
    A pastry consisting of two layers of puff pastry with a thick layer of vanilla pastry cream inbetween them. There is usually a thin layer of pink icing on top. Eating them can get messy, but it's well worth it.