THE 100 BEST NOVELS OF THE 20TH CENTURY

The 100 best English-language novels of the twentieth century, as selected by our editorial board in 1998. For more information please visit modernlibrary.com.
  1. 1.
    Ulysses
    James Joyce (1922)
  2. 2.
    The Great Gatsby
    F. Scott Fitzgerald (1925)
  3. 3.
    Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
    James Joyce (1916)
  4. 4.
    Lolita
    Vladimir Nabokov (1955)
  5. 5.
    Brave New World
    Aldous Huxley (1932)
  6. 6.
    The Sound and the Fury
    William Faulkner (1929)
  7. 7.
    Catch-22
    Joseph Heller (1961)
  8. 8.
    Darkness at Noon
    Arthur Koestler (1940)
  9. 9.
    Sons and Lovers
    D.H. Lawrence (1913)
  10. 10.
    The Grapes of Wrath
    John Steinbeck (1939)
  11. 11.
    Under the Volcano
    Malcolm Lowry (1947)
  12. 12.
    The Way of All Flesh
    Samuel Butler (1903)
  13. 13.
    1984
    George Orwell (1949)
  14. 14.
    I, Claudius
    Robert Graves (1934)
  15. 15.
    To The Lighthouse
    Virginia Woolf (1927)
  16. 16.
    An American Tragedy
    Theodore Dreiser (1925)
  17. 17.
    The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
    Carson McCullers (1940)
  18. 18.
    Slaughterhouse-Five
    Kurt Vonnegut (1969)
  19. 19.
    Invisible Man
    Ralph Ellison (1952)
  20. 20.
    Native Son
    Richard Wright (1940)
  21. 21.
    Henderson the Rain King
    Saul Bellow (1959)
  22. 22.
    Appointment in Samarra
    John O'Hara (1934)
  23. 23.
    U.S.A. (Trilogy)
    John Dos Passos (1930/32/36)
  24. 24.
    Winesburg, Ohio
    Sherwood Anderson (1919)
  25. 25.
    A Passage to India
    E.M. Forster (1924)
  26. 26.
    The Wings of the Dove
    Henry James (1902)
  27. 27.
    The Ambassadors
    Henry James (1903)
  28. 28.
    Tender is the Night
    F. Scott Fitzgerald (1934)
  29. 29.
    The Studs Longian Trilogy
    James T. Farrell (1932/34/35)
  30. 30.
    The Good Soldier
    Ford Maddox Ford (1915)
  31. 31.
    Animal Farm
    George Orwell (1945)
  32. 32.
    The Golden Bowl
    Henry James (1904)
  33. 33.
    Sister Carrie
    Theodore Dreiser (1900)
  34. 34.
    A Handful of Dust
    Evelyn Waugh (1934)
  35. 35.
    As I Lay Dying
    William Faulkner (1930)
  36. 36.
    All The King's Men
    Robert Penn Warren (1946)
  37. 37.
    The Bridge of San Luis Rey
    Thornton Wilder (1927)
  38. 38.
    Howards End
    E.M. Forster (1910)
  39. 39.
    Go Tell It on the Mountain
    James Baldwin (1953)
  40. 40.
    The Heart of the Matter
    Graham Greene (1948)
  41. 41.
    Lord of the Flies
    William Golding (1954)
  42. 42.
    Deliverance
    James Dickey (1970)
  43. 43.
    A Dance to the Music of Time (series)
    Anthony Powell (1951-1975)
  44. 44.
    Point Counter Point
    Aldous Huxley (1928)
  45. 45.
    The Sun Also Rises
    Ernest Hemingway (1926)
  46. 46.
    The Secret Agent
    Joseph Conrad (1907)
  47. 47.
    Nostromo
    Joseph Conrad (1904)
  48. 48.
    The Rainbow
    D.H. Lawrence (1915)
  49. 49.
    Women in Love
    D.H. Lawrence (1920)
  50. 50.
    Tropic of Cancer
    Henry Miller (1934)
  51. 51.
    The Naked and the Dead
    Norman Mailer (1948)
  52. 52.
    Portnoy's Complaint
    Philip Roth (1969)
  53. 53.
    Pale Fire
    Vladimir Nabokov (1962)
  54. 54.
    Light in August
    William Faulkner (1932)
  55. 55.
    On the Road
    Jack Kerouac (1957)
  56. 56.
    The Maltese Falcon
    Dashiell Hammett (1930)
  57. 57.
    Parade's End (series)
    Ford Maddox Ford (1924-28)
  58. 58.
    The Age of Innocence
    Edith Wharton (1920)
  59. 59.
    Zuleika Dobson
    Max Beerbohm (1911)
  60. 60.
    The Moviegoer
    Walker Percy (1961)
  61. 61.
    Death Comes for the Archbishop
    Willa Cather (1927)
  62. 62.
    From Here to Eternity
    James Jones (1951)
  63. 63.
    The Wapsot Chronicle
    John Cheever (1957)
  64. 64.
    The Catcher in the Rye
    J.D. Salinger (1951)
  65. 65.
    A Clockwork Orange
    Anthony Burgess (1962)
  66. 66.
    Of Human Bondage
    W. Somerset Maugham (1951)
  67. 67.
    Heart of Darkness
    Joseph Conrad (1899)
  68. 68.
    Main Street
    Sinclair Lewis (1920)
  69. 69.
    The House of Mirth
    Edith Wharton (1905)
  70. 70.
    The Alexandria Quartet (series)
    Lawrence Durell (1957-60)
  71. 71.
    A High Wind in Jamaica
    Richard Hughes (1929)
  72. 72.
    A House for Mr. Biswas
    V.S. Naipaul (1961)
  73. 73.
    The Day of the Locust
    Nathaniel West (1939)
  74. 74.
    A Farewell to Arms
    Ernest Hemingway (1929)
  75. 75.
    Scoop
    Evelyn Waugh (1938)
  76. 76.
    The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
    Muriel Spark (1961)
  77. 77.
    Finnegans Wake
    James Joyce (1939)
  78. 78.
    Kim
    Rudyard Kipling (1901)
  79. 79.
    A Room With a View
    E.M. Forster (1908)
  80. 80.
    Brideshead Revisited
    Evelyn Waugh (1945)
  81. 81.
    The Adventures of Augie March
    Saul Bellow (1953)
  82. 82.
    Angle of Repose
    Wallace Stegner (1971)
  83. 83.
    A Bend in the River
    V.S. Naipaul (1979)
  84. 84.
    The Death of the Heart
    Elizabeth Bowen (1938)
  85. 85.
    Lord Jim
    Joseph Conrad (1900)
  86. 86.
    Ragtime
    E.L. Doctorow (1975)
  87. 87.
    The Old Wives' Tale
    Arnold Bennett (1908)
  88. 88.
    The Call of the Wild
    Jack London (1903)
  89. 89.
    Loving
    Henry Green (1945)
  90. 90.
    Midnight's Children
    Salman Rushdie (1981)
  91. 91.
    Tobacco Road
    Erskine Caldwell (1932)
  92. 92.
    Ironweed
    William Kennedy (1983)
  93. 93.
    The Magus
    John Fowles (1965)
  94. 94.
    Wide Sargasso Sea
    Jean Rhys (1966)
  95. 95.
    Under the Net
    Iris Murdoch (1954)
  96. 96.
    Sophie's Choice
    William Styron (1979)
  97. 97.
    The Sheltering Sky
    Paul Bowles (1949)
  98. 98.
    The Postman Always Rings Twice
    James M. Cain (1934)
  99. 99.
    The Ginger Man
    J.P. Donleavy (1955)
  100. 100.
    The Magnificent Ambersons
    Booth Tarkington (1918)