6 Things You Should Know About the Iran Nuclear Deal

Iran, the U.S. and five other world powers have reached a landmark agreement about the future of Iran's nuclear programs. We've been studying the detailed agreement and pulled out six tidbits that will help you understand it. Full story: http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/14/422920192/6-things-you-should-know-about-the-iran-nuclear-dea
  1. 1.
    It would curb Iran's nuclear programs
    As President Obama put it in a speech to the nation, the highlight of this deal is that it aims to stop Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon. In practical terms, it puts limits on many of Iran's nuclear programs.
  2. 2.
    But it still allows Iran to continue enrichment
    This part of the deal could be seen as a big win for Iran. The country has always maintained that its nuclear program is being used for peaceful purposes and it has always wanted the international community to acknowledge its right to enrich uranium and use it for those purposes.
  3. 3.
    The U.S. says the deal makes an Iranian nuclear bomb more difficult
    Critics of the deal — House Speaker John Boehner and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu among them — believe that this is a bad deal because it doesn't entirely dismantle Iran's nuclear program. President Obama says that while that is true, the deal extends Iran's "breakout time" - or how long it would take to make enough highly enriched material for a nuclear bomb.
  4. 4.
    If Iran doesn't comply, sanctions can return
    The deal lays out a scheme in which, if there is a dispute about Iran meeting its obligations, the full U.N. Security Council would "vote on a resolution to continue the sanctions lifting."
  5. 5.
    It sets up a comprehensive inspections regime
    This is a big part of this deal. According to a White House fact sheet, the deal would give inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency "extraordinary and robust" access to Iranian facilities. Obama says this would give inspectors access 24/7.
  6. 6.
    Congress has to approve the deal
    Finally, the deal has to be approved by the U.S. Congress. Like most things in Washington, this is setting up to be contentious. House Speaker Boehner has already issued a statement saying he will "fight a bad deal that is wrong for our national security and wrong for our country.”