The Migrant Crisis, by the Numbers
The migrant crisis in Europe and the Middle East lurches from one drama to the next by the day. The numbers are also changing by the day. Here's a snapshot of the best and most recent figures as the crisis unfolds. (Full story: http://n.pr/1hXykZw)
- •4.1 millionThe number of Syrians who have fled their country since the country's civil war began in 2011. These Syrians are the focus of the refugee crisis in the Middle East and in Europe.
- •7.6 millionThe number of Syrians who have been displaced inside their homeland. Combine this with the figure above and it means that just over half of Syria's 23 million people have fled or been driven from their homes since the war began, a strikingly high figure for any war.
- •381,000The number of refugees and migrants who have reached Europe this year, a figure far larger than in any recent year. Syrians account for just over half the total, and many other countries make up the rest. They include Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya, to name a few war-torn states, as well as many western African states where the migrants have been motivated by dire economic conditions.
- •1.9 millionThe number of Syrian refugees in Turkey, the largest single concentration. In other words, Turkey has taken in far more refugees in the past few years than all of Europe combined. Another remarkable number is the 1.1 million Syrian refugees now in Lebanon, a country that has only about 4.4 million citizens.
- •244,000The number of migrants arriving in Greece, accounting for two-thirds of the total reaching Europe. Most of the others have landed in Italy. The migrants pass through Greece quickly, usually staying for just a few days at most. They are well aware that the country is suffering a brutal recession and lacks the resources to cope with them for any length of time.
- •98,783The number of applications for asylum in Germany this year, a figure that is expected to accelerate rapidly. Germany has been more welcoming to asylum seekers than any other European country and says it could take up to 500,000 asylum seekers annually. Like most every European country, Germany has a low birth rate and an aging population. Some parts of the country suffer labor shortages, and some German officials see immigrants as the solution to the country's demographic challenges.
- •2,800The number of refugees and migrants who have died in the Mediterranean attempting to reach Europe this year. As with the other figures, it's up dramatically this year.
- •1,500The number of Syrian refugees the U.S. has taken in since the Syrian war began. The State Department recently announced that the U.S. could accept up to 8,000 Syrians next year. The U.S. has been a leader in humanitarian assistance to Syria, providing $4 billion in the past few years, but has been reluctant to take in refugees.
- •0 (or very close to it)The number of Syrian refugees who have been formally resettled in the wealthy states of the Persian Gulf, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Bahrain. Both the U.N. refugee agency and Amnesty International put the number at zero, though some reports say a small number of Syrians have received asylum.