Most of my information is anecdotal from women in their mid-twenties and an acquaintance who works on a maternal and reproductive health USAID project. Citing outside sources as needed. (Pop questions in the comments and I'll add to the list / answer however I can!)
  1. Sexual education
    (All my expat info has been passed on via word-of-mouth.) According to the Jordan Times, there's a new initiative for Sex Ed in Zaatari, after families living in cramped spaces faced their preteens peeping on parents having sex. Sex education is mostly taken care of by parents, so it varies wildly. (I have a college-age friend who believed for a long time that premarital sex would result in the man's penis falling off and getting stuck inside the woman.)
  2. Sanitary supplies
    There are plenty of packs of pads in every convenience store. I've seen tampons twice, and once was at the duty-free shop. Stock up before you travel. Many expat friends use diva cups. (Also don't wear a tampon in the Dead Sea! One word: BURNING.)
  3. Birth control
    Condoms are everywhere. Birth control pills are available at non-religious hospitals/pharmacies. Most women I know defer to their male partners to pick up their preferred form of birth control - and typically in a different neighborhood. (Upper-level foreigners also have a really high percentage of IUDs; I think it was something like 30%)
  4. Sexual enhancement
    Lots of jellies and lubes at pharmacies. I've been told that a husband not sexually satisfying his wife is reasonable grounds for divorce in Islam.
  5. Unwanted pregnancy
    Abortion is illegal. D&C after trauma/miscarriage is not illegal, so "miscarriage" rates are much higher than average. There are murmurs of doctors who provide abortion services outside of medical settings.
  6. Rape / sexual assault
    Rapists can escape punishment by marrying the victim, according to IRIN. The Noor al Hussein Foundation institute for family health has a trauma center for aiding victims of sexual violence.