FEMILIST FRIDAY: SOPHIE SCHOLL

#9
  1. A German woman known for her activism in the White Rose, a nonviolent anti-Hitler group.
  2. 1921 - Born in Forchtenburg.
  3. 1933 - Hitler came to power and her father, the Mayor of their town, was very skeptical of Hitler's political regime.
    She joined the League of German Girls, but became concerned when her Jewish friends were barred from joining the group. Became involved in activism along with her brothers after seeing the direct impacts of discrimination in her childhood.
  4. 1937 - arrested for participating in the German Youth Movement.
    A few years later her father was jailed for writing a letter in which he referred to Hitler as "God's scourge".
  5. 1940 - Graduated from Secondary School and became a kindergarten teacher.
  6. 1942 - Enrolled in the University of Munich to study biology and philosophy. There she further developed her interests and came into contact with the philosopher Theodor Haecker who brought up questions of how people should behave under a dictatorship.
  7. 1942 - her brother began the White Rose movement with some friends, and Sophie found out about it soon after. They wrote resistance leaflets and distributed them in Munich. As a woman she was less likely to be stopped by the SS so she also carried messages for group members.
    They brought attention to atrocities against the Jewish people on the basis of arguing for human dignity and for Sophie, Christian values of morality.
  8. A brief pause for a quote to ponder, from a leaflet distributed by the White Rose: "Nothing is so unworthy of a nation as allowing itself to be governed without opposition by a clique that has yielded to base instinct.... Western civilization must defend itself against fascism and offer passive resistance, before the nation's pst young man
    has given his blood on some battlefield."
  9. 1943 - Sophie and other members were arrested for their leaflet distribution. The trial was judged by Roland Freisler, a Nazi who was known for having a particularly insane personality.
    Sophie made several statements throughout the trial suggestion that the war was lost and the Nazi time was limited. A guilty verdict was passed with a sentence of death.
  10. Sophie (21 years old), her brother Hans, and their friend Christoph were executed by the guillotine the next day. Other members of the White Rose were found and executed or sent to concentration camps.
  11. The Scholl's sister Inge later wrote, "Perhaps genuine heroism lies in deciding to stubbornly defend the everyday things, the mundane and the immediate."
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