Basic Concepts for Learning to Code

If you're thinking of learning how to code, these are some of the basic concepts you should be familiar with.
  1. 1.
    Programming Languages
    There are so many different languages that exist in the world. Languages like Python and JavaScript provide a lower learning curve and often have online tools for new programmers to experiment with and having near-English readability.
  2. 2.
    Variables
    You're going to want to store and manipulate data and you do this using variables. Things you might want to store are: names, ages, temperatures, and mathematical constants.
  3. 3.
    Conditionals
    When you want to do something based on a condition (e.g. Do something when the temperature exceeds 90 degrees). These are really helpful when you want your code to be able to react to changes in variables.
  4. 4.
    Functions
    One of the easiest functions to visualize is a function called add that takes two variables x and y. It might look something like this: add(x, y) and whenever you put some numbers in the place of those variables it will return the two numbers added together.
  5. 5.
    Loops
    If you're writing a program that prints out all of the numbers 1 through 100 you don't want to write out every single number. Using loops you can specify how many times a computer should do one task over and over again.